Recognised as Scotland’s capital since the 15th century, Edinburgh is the home of the Scottish Parliament and the seat of the monarchy in Scotland. The city’s medieval old town and Georgian new town have joint UNESCO World Heritage status.
After London, Edinburgh is the UK’s second largest financial centre and second largest tourist destination. The city has a multiple award-winning reputation as one of the most attractive destinations in the world, with an ideal mix of shopping, culture, music, heritage and leisure facilities.
The city’s medieval old town and Georgian new town have joint UNESCO World Heritage status
Edinburgh is built on seven hills, which include Castle Rock and Arthur’s Seat, an extinct volcano. There is evidence of human habitation dating back to the Bronze Age.
Edinburgh Castle, which overlooks the city, is home to Scotland’s crown jewels and the Stone of Destiny.
Edinburgh houses many national institutions, including the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland, and the Scottish National Gallery.
Every year in August, the city stages the world’s largest arts festival, The Edinburgh Fringe, and is associated with pioneers in literature, medicine, philosophy, law, science, and engineering. Some of the most notable are Robert Louis Stevenson, David Hume, Adam Smith, Peter Higgs, Ian Rankin and JK Rowling.