Roslin is home to the world famous Rosslyn Chapel built by the first Earl of Caithness, William Sinclair, in the mid-15th century. It is now a five-star visitor attraction achieving worldwide fame as one of the settings for the novel and film The Da Vinci Code.

Roslin is also a base for world-class science and technology research and commerce. Dolly the Sheep, the world’s first cloned mammal, was bred by scientists from the Roslin Institute in 1996.